Explainer: A In-Depth Guide To Cargo Fumigation
What Is Cargo Fumigation?
This is a process through which harmful organisms such as pests and termites are exterminated so as to prevent their transference when items are being moved from one point to another.
The extermination of the living organisms which may be harbored in goods is usually done using fumigants which either poison or suffocate organisms in the area where they are used. In order to fumigate an area, the professional in charge of the task usually has to obtain a fumigation certificate from the relevant local licensing body. In most countries across the world, imported goods cannot pass through customs unless the importer can provide a valid fumigation certificate.
Fumigation of cargo is a critical tenet in the cycle of shipping containers. To ensure that goods and containers being shipped pass the requisite shipping standards, it is important to have an in-depth understanding of how to prep for and undertake the right fumigation procedures. For example, if you have imported goods to the United States, you may find that your shipping container has been stamped with the term ‘USDA Examination‘. If you spot this term, it means that your shipping container will get inspected to ascertain whether there are pests, insects, or any other living organisms in the cargo. If you want your goods to pass this examination, you must show that the container and cargo have been fumigated and provide the necessary documentation to back this up.
If you are importing cargo that is packed in wooden crates, it is recommended that you ask your supplier to first ensure that the entire cargo is first fumigated. Your supplier should then attach the fumigation certificate for the cargo to export documents that will be requested by customs officials.
Note that the fumigation process tends to vary depending on the nature of the cargo being shipped. In some instances, the container that will hold the goods may first be fumigated before the goods are loaded. However, in most instances, fumigation is usually done inside the container once the cargo has already been packed and the doors of the container have been shut. This fumigation technique is considered more effective since the gases of the fumigant usually swirl within the container and have more time to exterminate harmful living organisms. However, this fumigation technique is only used for certain goods and it cannot be used in containers shipping foods for direct market consumption as well as certain materials.
In most shipping industries today, suppliers and importers are preferring to use alternate packing materials that make the fumigation process easier such as plastic packaging materials (crates, plastic pallets, and other plastic-based packing materials). If you cannot access plastic packing materials, you can also consider using man-made packing materials made from wood/timber such as cardboard boxes, block boards, plywood, products designed after compressing and compacting wood fibers (MDF/HDF), high-density fiberboards that are created by being passed through high temperatures and pressure (hardboards). The man-made packing materials highlighted above are ideal for shipping since all the living organisms within them tend to die because of the high pressure and temperature involved in creating them.
S.P. FUME CO, LLC | Long Beach & Los Angeles Port Fumigation Experts
2418 E Sepulveda Blvd. Long Beach, CA 90810