Process of Container Fumigation
Container Fumigation Procedure
Fumigation is one of the ways pests can be controlled. It is one of the pest control procedures that involve little or no moisture. It is also popularly referred to as phytosanitary treatment. It is common in different markets especially in the transportation of various goods via containers.
Fumigation is not only used for pest control but it is also a legal requirement by many governments when it comes to the transit of goods. Freight forwarders and attendants must make sure that fumigation of transit containers takes place in time. Most emphasis is given to various types of cargo such as grains, pallets, and vegetables. Besides, this kind of fumigation is the only way the country of destination can be protected from any contaminations or quarantine pests.
Important Facts about the Process of Container Fumigation.
Why is Fumigation Essential?
The main goal of container fumigation is to make sure that exotic quarantine pests have no chance of entering the country of destination via the cargo. Special chemicals are used in this procedure to kill pests. The focus is on already existing pests on the cargo and those that come from other nations.
Definition of Quarantine Pests
These are pests or parasites that pose a threat to the flora and fauna of a certain location while in natural conditions. These pests can be a cause for alarm because they can jeopardize international health if exposed to new environments.
Even though there are many types of quarantine pests, the most feared species is the Asian Lady Bee Beetle. The Asian Lady Bee Beetle is mostly found in containers and wooden materials that are used to carry cargo. In fact, it is ranked as the most fought pest in the world.
Description of the Fumigation Procedure
Container fumigation is made possible by the use of dry and safe gas. It is a method used to control different types of pests. Methyl bromide and phosphine are the most commonly used gases. Even though both gases are equally effective, methyl bromide is the most common for container fumigation.
All containers that need fumigation must be in good physical condition. Additionally, fumigation should be done in isolation of a 5-meter radius. A sticker containing the fumigation details should be attached to the door of the container. Normally the start and end date of fumigation are some of the details written on the sticker. Stickers should also contain information about the treating company and the technician responsible for the procedure.
To start the process, gas is let into the closed container through a probe. The employees handling the gas must wear personal protective equipment. Additionally, it is required that the fumigation site is equipped with collective protective gear.
The merchandise is exposed to the gas for the required time. Caution must be taken to follow instructions to the letter making sure that all pests are killed. Afterwards, aeration is done before releasing the merchandise.
Requirements for Fumigation
As discussed earlier, countries may deny entry to non-fumigated cargo. In fact, port authority officials will require proof that cargo is free from pests. They usually ask for written permits, certificates and any other documents that prove treatment. They also check thoroughly to make sure that all certificates are valid and legit.
That said, after fumigation by the right company using the recommended procedures, a certificate is issued. The certificate is normally required by the buyer and it must therefore be issued by the fumigation company. Fumigation companies must acquire authority to fumigate from the respective licensing bodies.
The certificate is used to ascertain that any wooden materials in a shipment have been fumigated as per legal requirements. The certificate is also called a pest-control certificate. The document contains certain details such as the chemicals used during fumigation, the purpose for treatment as well as the temperature range.
Stamping Requirements for Wooden Shipments
The ISPM15 (International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures N 15) is a compulsory stamp for wooden containers and cargo. This set of guidelines must be followed when dealing with wooden packaging material meant for exports and imports. The stamp shows that the package has adhered to all global phytosanitary measures. This prevents the introduction and spread of quarantine pests during global trade.
The IPPC (International plant protection Convention) has also adopted the ISPM15. It is a segment of the united nation’s Food and agriculture body. Stamping is required for both softwoods and hardwoods. This includes crates, dunnage, reels, load boards, drums, and pallets. The stamp must be on each piece of wood that moves from one country to the other during a trade.
S.P. FUME CO, LLC | Long Beach & Los Angeles Port Fumigation Experts
2418 E Sepulveda Blvd. Long Beach, CA 90810